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Role of Precision Farming for Sustainability of Rice-Wheat Cropping System in Western Indo Gangetic Plains

R. K. Naresh1 1, Yogesh Kumar 2, Pankaj Chauhan 3, and Deepesh Kumar 1
1. Department of Agronomy, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture& Technology, Meerut, UP, India.
2. Department of Soil Science, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture& Technology, Meerut, UP, India.
3. Department of Cell Biology, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture& Technology, Meerut, UP, India.
Abstract—Precision farming is basically designed to optimize agricultural inputs viz., fertilizers, pesticides, water etc., in tune with micro level/ field requirements. Optimization is focused on increased yields, reduced cost of cultivation and to minimized environmental impacts through location- specific management. Precision farming in the context of development efforts has to meet production efficiency, sensitivity of ecosystems, appropriate technology,and maintenance of the environment, cultural diversity and satisfaction of the basic needs. Now Modern agricultural management practices are changing from assuming homogenous fields to attempting to address field variability by dividing the field into smaller zones and managing these zones separately. Precision farming has focused on the development of techniques that primarily aid the convention farming system (i.e., tilling the soil to prepare for planting, and heavy reliance on chemical inputs, such as pesticides and fertilizers). However, some farmers, that use conservation tillage practices can also use precision farming practices. The small size of farms and fields in most of Indian agriculture limits economic gains from currently available precision farming technology, while the population density, and public concerns for the environment, food safety those potential benefits of precision farming are being given more attention. While adoption of precision farming in wide concept has been modest in India the potential for using precision farming to address environmental, food safety, and sustainability problems seems to be attracting political attention in India conditions. Current paper deals with the applicability, opportunity of precision farming in Western IGP.

Index Terms—Precision farming, Sustanability, Profitability, Resource conservation technologies

Cite: R. K. Naresh, Yogesh Kumar, Pankaj Chauhan, and Deepesh Kumar, "Role of Precision Farming for Sustainability of Rice-Wheat Cropping System in Western Indo Gangetic Plains," International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp.87-97, October 2012.
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