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Tannin Degradation Efficiency of Tannase Produced By Trichoderma harzianum MTCC 10841 and its Biochemical Properties

Hina Iqbal1 and Ashima Kapoor 1
1. School of Life Sciences, Singhania University, Rajasthan.
2. Department of Biotechnology, Meerut Institute of Engineering & Technology, Meerut, UP.
Abstract—The present study aims to utilize natural tannins as substrate by the tannase produced by Trichoderma harzianum MTCC10841 for gallic acid production. Tannin degradation efficiency of tannase was investigated using different tannin rich agro-residues as substrates. Amla fruit, tamarind seed, jamun leaves, mulberry leaves and keekar leaves proved to be better substrate than tannic acid. The result of enzymatic hydrolysis of these substrates was also observed by paper chromatography which showed the appearance of end product gallic acid. The optimum pH and temperature for the enzyme was 5.5 and 40 o C respectively. The enzyme was found to be stable at 40 o C for 2hr. Effect of various additives on tannase activity was also evaluated. Among the different metal salts tested, HgCl 2 strongly inhibited the enzyme followed with ZnCl 2 and MnCl 2 . The detergents (SDS, Tween-20, -60 and -80) did not affect enzyme activity while 㰰〴㔾 - mercaptoethanol and EDTA had inhibitory effect.

Index Terms— Amla fruit, Jamun leaves, Gallic acid, Tannase, Tannin biodegradation, Trichoderma harzianum

Cite:Hina Iqbal and Ashima Kapoor, "Tannin Degradation Efficiency of Tannase Produced By Trichoderma harzianum MTCC 10841 and its Biochemical Properties," International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp.106-117, October 2012.
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