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Open Defecation: A Prominent Source of Pollution in Drinking Water in Villages

A. V. Rajgire
P G Department of Microbiology, Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University, Amravati 444602, India.
Abstract— Lack of adequate sanitation pollutes drinking water which most significantly due to open defecation and has series health impact on public. Water is one of the vehicles for the transfer of wide range of disease of microbial origin. Open defecation play an important role for polluting the ground water. Fecal pollution of water leads to introduction of variety of enteric pathogens that causes water borne diseases. Hence, analysis the effect of open defecation practices on bacteriological and chemical quality of drinking water in such a villages which is awarded 60% open defecation free (ODF) from Nirmal gram Puraskar scheme of Govt. of India and also the villages which is open defecation not free (ODNF) in Amravati District. From 138 villages (66 ODF and 72 ODNF); total 211 drinking water samples were analyzed for bacteriological and water quality Index (WQI). The results showed that drinking water in open defecation free villages was 17% fecally contamination whereas open defecation not free villages 48%. In both ODF and ODNF villages fecally contaminated drinking water samples was also showed poor water quality index (WQI) also TTC positive and E. coli detected by antibiotic resistance analysis. Thus, it clearly indicated that open defecation leads to contamination of ground water sources like open well, hand pump and tube well in villages. Provision of toilets to every household to control water is a useful means of attaining total sanitation.

Index Terms— Enteric diseases, Water pollution, Physico-chemical, Bacteriological, Antibiotic resistant, TTC positive, E. coli

Cite: A. V. Rajgire, "Open Defecation: A Prominent Source of Pollution in Drinking Water in Villages," International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 238-246, January 2013.
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