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The Study of Dispersion Method in the Formation of Ferric Saccharate Microcapsules with Alginate Coating

Susan Khosroyar1, Azim Akbarzade 2, Mehri Mortazavi 2, Mehdi Arjomand 3, Ali Akbar Safekordi 2, and Seyed Ali Mortazavi 4
1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
2. Department of Pilot Biotechnology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.
3. Department of chemical Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
4. Department of Food Science and Technology, Agricultural Faculty, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran. .
Abstract—About a fourth of the people in the world suffer from anemia. The most major and effective ways of reducing anemia and iron deficiency in the society are iron fortification of food and improving the iron absorption. In this method a certain amount of iron in the form of capsulation is added to the food ingredients which are the main food of the people and are eaten every day. Encapsulation will decrease undesirable changes and iron interaction with the other food ingredients, moreover can usefully affects the bioavailability of iron. The present study describes iron fortification of hydrated and dehydrated food products in which ferric saccharate is as a core and calcium alginate is as a capsule coating. To evaluate the performance range, time and size of the microcapsules, the dispersion method was compared in three ways of extrusion with nozzle, extrusion with needle and emulsion. After studying the experiments and their results, it was observed that microsized capsules can be produced using the extrusion with needle and extrusion with nozzle methods also nanosized capsules can be obtained using the emulsification and spray methods.

Index Terms—Capsulation, Ferric saccharate, Alginate, Dispersion

Cite: Susan Khosroyar, Azim Akbarzade, Mehri Mortazavi, Mehdi Arjomand, Ali Akbar Safekordi, and Seyed Ali Mortazavi, "The Study of Dispersion Method in the Formation of Ferric Saccharate Microcapsules with Alginate Coating," International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 325-334, January 2013.
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