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Morphology of Knee Joint of Tetrapod-Class Mammalia-Genus-Hipposiderus-Species-Armiger (Bat) To Mammals (Human Being)

Sunil N. Tidke 1, Bichitra N. Roul 1, Sucheta S. Tidke 2, and Mamita Nayak 3
1. Department of Anatomy, Hi-Tech Medical College Rourkela, Odisha, India.
2. Department of Anasthesia, MGIMS, Sevagram, Maharashtra.
3. PG in Pathology, VSS Medical College, Burla, Odisha.
Abstract—Advancement in knowledge of the comparative anatomy of joints has generally lagged behind than that of other structural systems. The knee joint has been chosen for present study as it represents the largest and functionally important articular unit, provided with an extensive synovial cavity and a variety of both intra and extra articular structures.The knee joint is of peculiar interest as manifesting a change of mechanism of locomotion in passing from tetrapods (Bat) to mammals and affording a means of studying, the corresponding modifications of anatomical structure. 10 bats armiger were selected and 10 human knee joints were selected from dissection hall in Anatomy department of Hi-Tech Medical College, Rourkela (Odisha). McMinn HMR has mentioned (5) that the bat is the only mammal which does not possess the menisci and popliteus muscle because it does not rotate the knee joint. The femorotibial articulation has both internal and external ligamentous connections. There is a single broad intra articular ligament which. may represent the initial form of the crucial ligaments and fibula merged with tibia. In the bat leg, the tibia and fibula are fused together.

Index Terms—Bony articular part, Intra capsular and extra capsular structures and Muscular changes

Cite: Sunil N. Tidke, Bichitra N. Roul, Sucheta S. Tidke, and Mamita Nayak, "Morphology of Knee Joint of Tetrapod-Class Mammalia-Genus-Hipposiderus-Species-Armiger (Bat) To Mammals (Human Being)," International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 149-157, April 2013.
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