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Improving Income and Nutrition by Incorporating Mungbean in the Presence of Surface Retained Residues in Rice-Wheat Cropping System

R. K. Naresh, Purshottam and A. H. Nanher
Department of Agronomy, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agricultuere & Technology, Meerut, UP, 250110.
Abstract—Continuous cultivation of rice and wheat has resulted in deterioration of soils,declination of water tables, salinization has set in, insect pests and plant diseases have increased, and environmental problems have been growing in the region. The answer to the said problems is¡®crop diversification¡¯ through the introduction of soil-enriching legumes that can revive the soils, decrease moisture consumption, disrupt the insect and disease cycles by converting the cereal-cereal mono- cropping to cereal pulse-cereal cropping system. A field experiment was conducted over 3 years to compare conventional and conservation agriculture technologies in rice-wheat-mungbean cropping systems, with and without retention of crop residues. The results indicated that yield were similar when rice was conventionally puddled transplanted and unpuddled transplanted on wide raised beds and unpuddled transplanted flat beds in normal spacing. In wheat crop zero till paired row planting with or without residue retained seed yields were 6 to 8% greater for equal spacing conventional practices. Total system productivity increased by10-13% in residue retention with permanent wide raised beds over conventional. Various crop establishment techniques had a significant effect on rice agronomic efficiency of N ranged from 2.8 to 11.1, recovery efficiency with residue and without residue ranged from 33 to 61% and physiological efficiency ranged from 5.2 to 27.5, respectively.

Index Terms—Crop residue, Soil health, Water productivity, System productivity

Cite: R. K. Naresh, Purshottam and A. H. Nanher, "Improving Income and Nutrition by Incorporating Mungbean in the Presence of Surface Retained Residues in Rice-Wheat Cropping System," International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 158-164, April 2013.
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