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Effects of Myristica fragrans, Glycyrrhiza glabra And Quercus infectoria on Growth Promotion in the Prawn Macrobrachium Rosenberg II

P Saravana Bhavan, N Nandhini Devi, T Muralisankar, N Manickam, S Radhakrishnan, and V Srinivasan
Department of Zoology, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore - 641046, Tamil Nadu, India
Abstract—Objective: To understand whether the medicinal herbs, Myristica fragrans (nutmeg) Glycyrrhiza glabra (liquorice) and Quercus infectoria (gallnut) have effects on growth promotion in the post larvae (PL) of the prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Methods: M. fragrans (seed powder), G. glabra (stem powder) and Q. infectoria (fruit powder) were incorporated with basal diet at three different concentrations (1%, 3%, and 5%) individually and fed to the PL of M. rosenbergii (1.56±0.18 cm; 0.074± 0.02 g) for a period of 60 days under triplicate experimental set-up. Results: Significant elevations (P < 0.05) in weight gain, survival rate, activities of digestive enzymes (protease, amylase and lipase), concentrations of total protein, non-enzymatic antioxidants (vitamins C and E) and minerals (Na+ and K+) were recorded in M. fragrans incorporated feed fed PL followed by G. glabra and Q. infectoria when compared with control. Nine polypeptide bands of molecular weight between 116-14 kDa were resolved in the muscle tissue of PL. These bands were stained more intensely in experimental PL when compared with control. Conclusion: These herbs have the ability to induce secretion of protease, amylase and lipase in M. rosenbergii PL, which lead to increased food consumption and absorption of nutrients, and resulted in elevation of total protein, vitamins and minerals. 

Index Terms—prawn, nutmeg, liquorice, gallnut, growth, digestive enzymes, vitamins, protein

Cite: P Saravana Bhavan, N Nandhini Devi, T Muralisankar, N Manickam, S Radhakrishnan, and V Srinivasan, "Effects of Myristica fragrans, Glycyrrhiza glabra And Quercus infectoria on Growth Promotion in the Prawn Macrobrachium Rosenberg II," International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 169-182, July 2013.
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