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Antimicrobial Potential and Phytochemical Analysis of Medicinal Plants from Lonar Lake

Tambekar D H, B K Tiwari, S D Shirsat, and D S Jaitalkar
P G Department of Microbiology, Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University, Amravati
Abstract—Lonar lake is situated in Buldhana district of Maharashtra (India), is surrounded by dense forest constituting many plants with high medicinal values. Because of the high alkalinity and diverse atmospheric conditions, we have selected the area around the Lonar lake for determining the antibacterial potential and phytochemical analysis of the medicinal plants available at Lonar lake. The plants used for the study were Syzigium cumini, Ficus benghalensis, Cynodon dactylon, Justicia adhatoda, Calotropis gigantean, Ficus racemosa, Tinospora cardifolia, Achyranthes aspera, Ficus religiosa, Santalum ovatum and Ziziphus oenoplia against some enteric bacteria (Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhi, Salmonella enterica, Enterobacter aerogenes, Proteus vulgaris, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumonia) in vitro by agar disc diffusion technique. Out of these plants acetone extract of Syzigium cumini and Justicia adhatoda showed maximum antibacterial activity against E. coli and Sal. enterica. Alcohol extract of Syzigium cumini, Tinospora cordifolia and Cynodon dactylon also showed antibacterial activity against E. coli, P. vulgaris, Sal. typhi, Sal. enterica. Syzigium cumini and Santalum ovatum had shown maximum antibacterial activity against E. coli and Sal. enterica. The phytochemical analysis had showed the presence of carbohydrates and proteins in all the plants, Amino acids, Steroids, Glycosides, Flavonoids, Alkaloids and Tannins were also found in some of the plants. According to the findings, it was concluded that all the economically affordable easily available selected 11 plants from Lonar lake possesses antibacterial potential, and proved useful herbal drugs. These plants would serve as effective agents to reduce common health problems without causing any adverse reactions and side effects. 

Index Terms—antimicrobial activity, lonar lake, medicinal plants, phytochemical

Cite: Tambekar D H, B K Tiwari, S D Shirsat, and D S Jaitalkar, "Antimicrobial Potential and Phytochemical Analysis of Medicinal Plants from Lonar Lake," International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 203-211, July 2013.
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