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Fire Characteristics of Thirteen Nigerian Timbers at Ogboosisi Bridgehead Onitsha North Lga of Anambra State, Nigeria

Udeozo I P1, Opara N V1, Okoye N H2, and Umedum N L2
1. Department of Industrial Chemistry, College of Natural and Applied Sciences, Tansian University Umunya (Oba Campus), Anambra State,Nigeria
2. Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria
Abstract—Timber has become so important to human throughout history. It is a combustible material. The fire characteristics of West African timbers are not known unlike that of developed countries. An attempt is thus made to address this problem by investigating the fire characteristics of 13 Nigerian timbers. The characteristics were Ignition Time (IT), Flame Propagation Rate (FPR), Flame Duration (FD), After Glow Time (AGT), Oven Dry Density (ODD), Moisture Content (MC) , water imbibitions (porosity index) and Ash Content (AC). The highest and least of these fire characteristics among the 13 timbers were noted. Oven dry density which is an important factor in determination of the fire characteristics of timbers should not be exceptionally used without considering the cellular structure, molecular composition, orientation of fiber and timber extractives. In the absence of structural differences in the anatomy of timbers, this study has provided some of the fire characteristics of the selected Nigeria timbers. 

Index Terms—timbers, ignition time, flame propagation density, moisture content, after glow time and ash content

Cite: Udeozo I P, Opara N V, Okoye N H, and Umedum N L, "Fire Characteristics of Thirteen Nigerian Timbers at Ogboosisi Bridgehead Onitsha North Lga of Anambra State, Nigeria," International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 313-318, July 2013.
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