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Isolation and Characterization of Endophytic Fungi from Endemic Medicinal Plants of Tirumala Hills

Dandu Anitha1, Tartte Vijaya2, Duggina Pragathi1, Netala Vasudeva Reddy1, Kalla Chandra Mouli1, Nagam Venkateswarulu2, and Desaraju Suresh Bhargav1
1. Department of Biotechnology, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
2. Department of Botany, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
Abstract—Endemic medicinal plants of Tirumala hills of Seshachalam range falling under the Eastern Ghats of India, were exploited for endophytes as a possible source of bioactive secondary metabolites. Six hundread and ten (610) segments from Boswellia ovalifoliolata, Pterocarpus santalinus, Shorea thumbuggaia, Syzygium alternifolium, were processed for the presence of endophytic fungi. A total of 14 fungal species, viz., Fusarium oxysporum, Colletotrichum falcatum, Pestalotiopsis species , Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus flavipes, Sterile mycelia, Penicillium senticosum, Gliocladium roseum,Phomopsis jacquiniana, Nigrospora sphaerica, Leptosphaeria species, Phomopsis archeri , Alternaria alternata, Aspergillus niger were isolated and identified based on the morphology of the fungal culture and characteristics of the spores. Sterile forms were common to all the host and few appeared to be host specific. The overall colonization rate of endophytes in both the leaf and the stem was found to be 3.44%. The stem showed low percentage frequency of colonization of the endophytic fungi when compared to leaf segments. Among the endophytic flora, Colletotrichum falcatum was found to be the core-group fungus with colonization frequency of 12.5%. 

Index Terms—isolation, ascomycetes, coelomycetes, endophytic fungi, medicinal plants

Cite: Dandu Anitha, Tartte Vijaya, Duggina Pragathi, Netala Vasudeva Reddy, Kalla Chandra Mouli, Nagam Venkateswarulu, and Desaraju Suresh Bhargav, "Isolation and Characterization of Endophytic Fungi from Endemic Medicinal Plants of Tirumala Hills," International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 367-373, July 2013.
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