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The journal receives submitted manuscripts via email only. Please submit your research paper in .doc or.pdf format to the submission email: ijlbpr@ejournal.net.
You’ll be given a paper number if your submission is successful. Your paper then will undergo peer review process, which may take approximately one and a half months under normal circumstances, three tops.
After blind peer review, you will receive the notification letter with the review result of your paper...
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The journal publishes full research papers. So only full paper submission should be [Read More]

The Effect of Genes and the Environment on Determining Sex

Larios Osvaldo and Aida Metzenberg
Department of Biology, CH 5205, California State University, Northridge 18111, Nordhoff Street, Northridge, CA 91330-8303
Abstract—Sex is determined in several ways through evolution. Among the influences on sex determination (SD) are genes, hormone levels, the ratio of sex chromosomes to autosomes and the environment. Genes involved in SD in various species contribute their effects by acting on the Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) encoded by the Amh gene. The AMH inhibits development of mullerian ducts in males, whereas in female development reduced levels of P450 aromatase results in ovarian development. Sex determination involves reconciliation of various factors including both genetic and environmental influences, mediated by hormonal levels regulated by the products of these genes.

Index Terms—sex differentiation, genetic sex determination, temperature-dependent sex determination, sex chromosome, sex change, hermaphroditism, p450aromatase
Cite: Larios Osvaldo and Aida Metzenberg, "The Effect of Genes and the Environment on Determining Sex," International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 1-9, July 2013.
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