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Prevalence of Malaria and HIV among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinics at Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital and Addis Zemen Health Center in Northwest of Ethiopia

Tegenaw Asmamaw, Abebe Alemu, Agersew Alemu, and Chandrashekhar Unakal
School of Biomedical and Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
Abstract—Pregnant women are more susceptible to malaria, which is associated with serious adverse effects on pregnancy. The largest burden of malaria and HIV infections lies in Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. In view of the rapidly increasing of malaria and HIV overlapping in the country Ethiopia, there is a pressing need to improve our understanding of the epidemiology of malaria and HIV. Therefore, this study was initiated as to assess prevalence of malaria and HIV among pregnant women. A cross-sectional study was conducted from February 2011 to May 2012. Socio-demography data and risk factors were collected using questionnaires from a total of 212 pregnant women. Capillary blood were collected and screened for HIV by rapid test and microscopically examined plasmodium species detection. All the data were entered and analyzed by using SPSS- 15. From a total of 212 pregnant women screened for malaria only 6 (2.83%) individuals were positive for P. falciparium, 23(10.85%) were positive for HIV and only 2 individuals were co infected. Most of malaria positive patients (4.9%) were in the age range <20 years and a higher number (17.9%) of HIV sero-positive clients were in the age range between 30-40 years. Majority (83.3%) of malaria positive pregnant mothers had fever and vomiting during clinical examination but headache is the most common (73.9%) symptom among HIV positive pregnant mothers.

Index Terms—prevalence, malaria, HIV, pregnant women, ethiopia

Cite: Tegenaw Asmamaw, Abebe Alemu, Agersew Alemu, and Chandrashekhar Unakal, "Prevalence of Malaria and HIV among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinics at Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital and Addis Zemen Health Center in Northwest of Ethiopia," International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 81-91, July 2013.
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