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Effect of Sago Factory Effluent on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Gingelly (Sesamum indicum L.) Varieties

Mahalingam Lenin1, Mariyappan Senthil Kumar1, and Thamarikannan Ravi Mycin2
1. PG and Research Department of Botany, Govt. Arts College, Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu 606805
2. Department of Botany, Division of Environmental Biotechnology Lab, Annamalai University, Annamalai nagar, Tamil Nadu 608002
Abstract—The crisis of environmental pollution on account of essential industrial growth is due to the problem of discarding of industrial waste as well, whether solid, liquid or gaseous. Polluted water, in addition to other effects, directly affects soil not only in industrial areas but also in agricultural fields and rivers bodies and all ecosystems, thereby creating secondary source of pollution. Water resources are most often affected by industrial pollution. The sago factory effluent is a serious concern in throughout the salem district of Tamil Nadu. So the present investigation effect of sago factory effluent on germination and growth performance of eight varieties of Gingelly (Sesamum indicum L.) such as TMV 3, TMV 4, TMV 5, TMV 6, VRI 1, VRI 2, CO 1 and SVPR 1. The experimental surveillance in lower concentration of sago factory effluent the germination percentage and growth were moderately higher than the control, but gradual decrease in the germination of seedlings, seedling growth with increase in effluent concentration. The best germination of seedling growth, root length, shoot length, fresh weight and dry weight and tolerant verity was observed in 20% concentration of sago factory effluent with growth promoting effect and significantly better than control. Beyond 20% effluent, root and shoot length was decreased. Hence the sago factory effluent can be carefully used for agricultural irrigation purposes with appropriate treatment and dilution methods. 

Index Terms—environmental pollution, sago factory effluent, sesamum indicum L., germination percentage, tolerant variety

Cite: Mahalingam Lenin, Mariyappan Senthil Kumar, and Thamarikannan Ravi Mycin, "Effect of Sago Factory Effluent on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Gingelly (Sesamum indicum L.) Varieties," International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 151-160, January 2014.
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