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Influence of Breast Feeding and Weaning Practices on Acute Respiratory Infection in under Five Children

Mallikarjun K Biradar and Santosh M Biradar
Department of Community Medicine, BLD University's Shri B.M. Patil Medical College, Bijapur
Abstract—Background: Breast feeding is an investment that cannot be undermined or ignored because of traditional practices. More than 2.4 million child deaths occur in India each year and two third of these death related to inappropriate infant feeding practices. Aims and objectives: To know the prevalence of ARI and to assess the influence of breast feeding and weaning practices on acute respiratory infection in under five children. Materials and methods: This community based cross sectional study was carried out in an urban slum of Raichur. The study population comprised of children under five who were permanent residents of the slum. The study subjects were enrolled for the study using systematic random sampling method. Results: Prevalence rate of ARI at the time of survey was 16.6%. Out of 409 children, 254 (62.1%) have received exclusive breast feeding, out of 433 children who got weaning food, 380 (87.8%) children have received appropriate weaning. ARI is more in those children who have not received exclusive breast feeding (25.8%) and inappropriate weaning practices (45.3%). Conclusion: Nutritional education regarding promotion of exclusive breast feeding, avoidance of prelacteal feeds and appropriate weaning practices should be given to all nursing and expectant mothers. 

Index Terms—breast feeding practices, weaning, under five children, acute respiratory infection

Cite: Mallikarjun K Biradar and Santosh M Biradar, "Influence of Breast Feeding and Weaning Practices on Acute Respiratory Infection in under Five Children," International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 250-253, January 2014.
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