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Integrating Crop and Livestock Management for Enhanced Productivity, Profitability and Sustainability of the Rice-Wheat System in North West India

Sunil Kumar1, Mohd Qasim Ansari2, R K Naresh3, and Vineet Kumar3
1. Bio -Lecturer, Ch. C S S J Inter College Patla, District-Ghaziabad, UP
2. Department of Chemistry, M M College, Modinagar, Ghaziabad, C C S University, Meerut, UP, India
3. Department of Agronomy, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology, Meerut-250110, UP
Abstract—Conventional agriculture is known to cause soil degradation, because it involves intensive tillage. At the same time, ways need to be found to preserve the natural resource base. Within this framework, an integrated crop-livestock farming system represents a key solution for enhancing livestock production and safeguarding the environment through prudent and efficient resource use. Integrating crop and livestock production has a number of advantages, including complementarities in terms of resource use and income and risk reduction. Rice-wheat cropping is experiencing stagnant or declining grain yields, falling water tables and soil degradation (Kumar et al., 1999). These threats are being addressed by research on resource-conservation technologies RCTs, within the context of conservation agriculture. To adopt conservation agriculture practices, farmers face trade-offs between crop and livestock production. It is proposed to research the crop-livestock interactions in the rice-wheat-livestock systems to quantify the trade-offs faced by farmers who have adopted or are considering conservation agriculture practices. The research will assess: (i) the trade-offs affecting crop and livestock production and Natural Resource Management (NRM); (ii) the impacts of the trade-offs on the livelihoods of poor households; and (iii) their implications for the design of research and extension programs in support of improved livelihoods and NRM in the North West India. 

Index Terms—resource-conserving technologies, profitability, sustainability

Cite: Sunil Kumar, Mohd Qasim Ansari, R K Naresh, and Vineet Kumar, "Integrating Crop and Livestock Management for Enhanced Productivity, Profitability and Sustainability of the Rice-Wheat System in North West India," International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 74-84, April 2014.
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