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A Study of Facial Index among North and South Indian Students of JSS Medical College

Ashwini C 1 and Aravind Karinagannanavar 2
1. Department of Anatomy, Mysore Medical College & Research Institute, Mysore
2. Department of Community Medicine, Mysore Medical College & Research Institute, Mysore
Abstract—Introduction: Anthropology used for the identification and understanding of human physical features. It helps in classification of races and identification of human remains. Anthropometric measurements have direct correlation between sex, age, shape and various form. The facial anthropometric measurements helps to describe the racial and sexual difference. The facial index is the ratio of the maximum length of the face to its maximum width and multiplied by 100 for convenience. Objectives: To compare the facial index among South Indians and North Indians of JSS Medical college students. To compare the facial index between males and females of JSS Medical college students. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted from January 2010 to January 2012. Study includes 171 medical students of JSS University. Among them 126 are South Indians and 45 are North Indian students. Subjects were chosen from simple random sampling technique from JSS Medical colleges. Age group of the study group was between 18-22 years. Facial length and facial breadth was measured using sliding and spreading calipers. Observation and Results: In our study we found that Leptoprosopic form is the commonest type of facial form among South Indians and North Indians. We observed the long face is the dominant form in both the North and South Indian males and the least common was very broad face (Hypereuryprosopic). Among females also long face (Leptoprosopic) is the most common facial form in both North and South Indians. 

Index Terms—anthroprometry, facial index, leptoprosopic

Cite: Ashwini C and Aravind Karinagannanavar, "A Study of Facial Index among North and South Indian Students of JSS Medical College," International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 136-140, April 2014.
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