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Demographic Analysis of Extra Pulmonary Tuberculosis at a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India

Ruhi Bunger1, Varsha A Singh1, Shalu Mengi2, Deepak Pathania3, and Prakriti Vohra4
1. Department of Microbiology, MMIMSR, Mullana, Ambala 133207, India
2. Department of Microbiology, MMMCH, Solan
3. Department of Community Medicine, MMIMSR, Mullana, Ambala 133207, India
4. Department of Microbiology, Shaheed Hasan Khan Mewati, Govt. Medical college, Nalhar, Mewat, Haryana
Abstract—Background and Objectives: Tuberculosis continues to be an important public health problem in India and globally. Differences in the likelihood of extra pulmonary tuberculosis have been observed in various studies among tuberculosis patients by demographic characteristic. This study aimed to find out the socio-demographic determinants of patients with extra pulmonary tuberculosis in Mullana, Ambala (India). Methods: A total of 100 confirmed cases of extra pulmonary tuberculosis attending the OPDs and IPD of medicine, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, orthopedics and surgery department were included. A pre tested, semi structured questionnaire was administered to all the cases or their attendants to assess the social determinants of EPTB. The Statistical package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), version 12, was employed for data analysis. Chi Square test and percentages were employed. Results: The analysis showed higher prevalence among women (66%). The maximum percentage of positivity was found among the patients of age group 20-40 years and reducing thereafter. 65% were between 20- 40 years, 25% were in the range of 40-60 years and only 8% were 60 years onwards p = 0.905. Conclusion: Lymph nodes are the most common EPTB. The proportion of EPTB among females was found to be higher than males. 

Index Terms—Tuberculosis, Socio-Demographic Determinants, Extra Pulmonary Tuberculosis (EPTB), Analysis
Cite: Ruhi Bunger, Varsha A Singh, Shalu Mengi, Deepak Pathania, and Prakriti Vohra, "Demographic Analysis of Extra Pulmonary Tuberculosis at a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India," International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 150-154, July 2014.
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