Drugs and Chemicals Used in Aquaculture Activities for Fish Health Management in the Coastal Region of Bangladesh - Volume 3, No.4, October, 2014 - IJLBPR
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Drugs and Chemicals Used in Aquaculture Activities for Fish Health Management in the Coastal Region of Bangladesh

Md. Rajib Sharker1, Kanij Rukshana Sumi2, Md. Jahangir Alam3, Md. Mokhlasur Rahman4, Zannatul Ferdous5, Mir Mohammad Ali2 and Md. Reaz Chaklader1
1. Department of Fisheries Biology and genetics, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali-8602
2. Department of Aquaculture, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali-8602
3. Department of Fisheries Management, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali-8602
4. Department of Fisheries Biology and Genetics, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh
5. Department of Aquaculture, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
Abstract—An experiment was conducted to assess the application mode of different commercial aqua drugs and chemicals in aquaculture activities in the coastal region of Bangladesh. Data were collected through stratified random sampling techniques using key PRA tools like questionnaire interview, personal interview, market survey, and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) with fish and shellfish hatchery owners, nursery and culture farmers and retailers of aqua medicine and representatives of pharmaceutical companies. Six categories of aqua drugs and chemicals were found to be used by fish farmers and hatchery owners for water quality management, disinfectants, disease treatment, antibiotics and growth promoter. Most commonly used chemicals in this area including Geotox, Zeolite, Zeocare, Lime, Mega zeo, Bio Aqua, Aquanone and Zeo prime for the pond preparation and water quality management. Bleaching, Aquakleen, BKC, EDTA, Efinol, Formalin are used for the treatment of disease. Bio-ox, Best oxygen, Oxygen plus, Oxyflow, Oxylife, Oxymax, Oxymore and Oxyplus are the available chemicals for increasing oxygen concentration in the pond. Renamycin, Bactitab, Chlorsteclin, Cotrim-Vet, Orgacycline- 15%, Oxysentin 20% and Sulfatrim were widely used antibiotics in this area. The study shows that lack of knowledge regarding use of chemicals, appropriate dose, method of application and indiscriminate use of chemicals are the major problem for fish health management in the coastal region of Bangladesh. 

Index Terms—antibiotics, aquaculture, chemicals, disinfectants, fish health management

Cite: Md. Rajib Sharker, Kanij Rukshana Sumi, Md. Jahangir Alam, Md. Mokhlasur Rahman, Zannatul Ferdous, Mir Mohammad Ali, and Md. Reaz Chaklader, "Drugs and Chemicals Used in Aquaculture Activities for Fish Health Management in the Coastal Region of Bangladesh," International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 49-58, October 2014.
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