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Socioeconomic and Cultural Profile of Fish Farmers: A Study In and Around Lumding Town, Nagaon District of Assam

Tapashi Gupta1 and Mithra Dey2
1. Department of Zoology, Lumding College, Lumding-782447
2. Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Assam University, Silchar
Abstract—Livelihood generation through fish culture is an age old practice and especially so in places where fish forms an integral part of both social and cultural life. Fish and rice is staple food for the people of Assam. Assam is gifted with abundant freshwater resources which can generate food and income if utilize to full potential. The study was conducted in Lumding town to identify factors that influence the socio-economic condition of fish farmers, who were involved in culturing various fish species in ponds and how the adoption of modern fish farming technology would help in improving their status. Data were collected from 110 respondents randomly sampled, through questionnaire survey and a structured interview schedule. There are 171 fish ponds in and around Lumding and among fish farmers men outnumbered women. Most of the farmers belonged to scheduled caste (54.5%) and 51% elders were engaged in fish farming. Majority of the fish farmers had their own land and practiced fish farming as primary occupation from many decades. Majority of their family size was large. The study reveals that their income from fish farming was too low (60% earned Rs. 20,000-30,000/-pa). Most of them were borrowers and took financial help from their friends and relatives. They spent their earnings for basic needs like food and children's education. They had low institutional participation and lack of technical training. Poverty, lack of marketing facilities and lack of technical training are the major hurdles in the path of good income generation for fish farmers. Initiative from Government fisheries department, NGOs and awareness generation are necessary. 

Index Terms—socio-economic profile, adoption of new farming technology, ponds, technical knowledge

Cite: Tapashi Gupta and Mithra Dey, "Socioeconomic and Cultural Profile of Fish Farmers: A Study In and Around Lumding Town, Nagaon District of Assam," International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 83-93, October 2014.
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