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The Effect of Heat Treatment Time on the Formation of Forsterite (Mg2SiO4)

Tan Yoke Meng1, Tan Chou Yong1, Ramesh Singh1, Teh Yee Ching1, and Yap Boon Kar 2
1 Centre of Advance Manufacturing and Materials Processing, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2 Department of Electronics and Communication, College of Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Km-7, Jalan Ikram-UNITEN, 43009 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia
Abstract—In this work, phase pure forsterite (Mg2SiO4) powder was synthesized via solid-state method and heat treatment stage. X-ray diffraction analysis was conducted to investigate on the phase purity of forsterite powder. The synthesized powder were heat treated at 1200 oC for 1 min, 1 hour and 2 hours with ramping rate of 10 oC/min. Decomposition was observed for powder heat treated for 1 min. Periclase and enstatite peak were detected as a form of secondary phases. 1 and 2 hours of holding during heat treatment produced phase pure forsterite with a difference of improved intensity which indicated that there was enhancement towards the crystalline structure of forsterite powder. SEM micrograph was carried out to show the morphology of the obtained forsterite powder. The powders are agglomerated with various sizes was observed.

Index Terms—Heat treatment, forsterite, bioceramic

Cite: Tan Yoke Meng, Tan Chou Yong, Ramesh Singh, Teh Yee Ching, and Yap Boon Kar, "The Effect of Heat Treatment Time on the Formation of Forsterite (Mg2SiO4)," International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 104-107, April 2015.
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